Donor insemination refers to when a sperm donor is used to help a patient or couple conceive. Sperm donors can be known/directed or unknown/anonymous. In known or directed sperm donation, the sperm donor is known to the recipient(s) such as a family member or close friend. In anonymous, or unknown sperm donation, sperm is purchased by the recipients via a licensed sperm bank. Our team of fertility specialists will guide you through the donor insemination process with a focus on your health and a healthy pregnancy.
Donated sperm is typically used for family-building in cases of male infertility, by single women, same-sex female couples, and trans couples.
How does donor insemination work?
When using donated sperm, patients will work with a certified sperm bank whose candidates have been carefully screened prior to joining the program. In addition to adhering to FDA regulations that require all donors (directed and anonymous) be screened for infectious and sexually transmitted diseases, the majority of sperm banks also screen sperm donors for genetic disorders, medical conditions, and mental health. They also perform background checks and may require sperm donors to take a personality test. All donated sperm is quarantined for a 6 month period prior to use, in order to rule out the presence of infectious diseases. If you are planning to use a directed sperm donor, you will need to factor this additional 6 month quarantine period into your family-building timeline. Anonymous donor sperm is typically prescreened and quarantined, and available immediately.
Each sperm bank will have its own policy as to the extent of information required of each donor, so it is important for patients to connect with their respective sperm bank directly if they have specific questions about their donor’s history.
While RMA of New York does not own or run a sperm bank, we can help you navigate the insemination process, including the transfer of sperm vials to our office and management of your donor insemination treatment cycle.
RMA of New York serves as the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at Mount Sinai Medical System. Our laboratory team is dedicated to scientific discovery, graduate medical education through RMA of NY’s REI Fellowship Program, and individualized care that focuses on you.
Our team of embryologists are consistently recognized as innovators in reproductive science and medicine, and security and safety standards. RMA of New York has been at the forefront of embryo freezing technology and cutting-edge research, helping countless individuals and partners achieve the dream of building a family.